This Russian missile did not leave America a chance

Russian fighters are usually equipped with R-73 series short-range air-to-air missiles, R-27 series and R-77 medium-range air-to-air missiles. The newly developed R-37M missile entered service and was equipped with MiG-31 fighter-interceptors. It is a large-caliber, long-range air-to-air guided missile with a range of more than 200 kilometers. According to a video released by the Russian Defense Ministry on the 100th anniversary of the creation of the 929th State Flight Test Center, a Su-35 fighter also recently conducted launch tests of this missile.

Compared to air-to-air missiles of the R-27 and R-77 medium-range series, the R-37M (aka RVV-BD in the export version or product 620) is much larger, its length is about 4.1 meters, diameter – 0.38 meters, wingspan 0.72 meters, weight reaches 510 kilograms, and the weight of the warhead is about 60 kilograms.​

Previously, the longest-range air-to-air missile was the American AIM-54 Phoenix, with a range of about 184 kilometers, but it was completely withdrawn from service in 2004. The most powerful and longest-range missile currently handed over to the US Army is the AIM-120C air-to-air missile. However, its range is only one hundred kilometers, so the United States lags behind Russia in this area.

The R-37M is equipped with a dual-mode solid-propellant rocket engine, and the combined guidance system consists of an inertial one with radio correction for satellite navigation and active radar homing in the final part of the trajectory. It is assumed that the R-37M long-range air-to-air missile will be used mainly to destroy large enemy aircraft, such as early warning aircraft, tanker aircraft, reconnaissance and command aircraft and similar special military aircraft. Equipping the Su-35 fighter with this missile can significantly increase its combat capability over long distances in the air.

It is reported that the technical characteristics of the R-37M will continue to improve, and the most important feature of this missile is the increase in flight range up to 300 kilometers. In addition, its upgraded version will also focus on adding an electronic warfare function. Even with electromagnetic interference and suppression by the enemy, the projectile will be able to confidently move along a given trajectory until it hits the target.

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