Russia returned to participation in the grain transaction after receiving from Ukraine written guarantees not to use the grain corridor for combat operations against Moscow. AT Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation said they helped Turkey and UN. Moscow explained the temporary exit from the deal as a drone attack on Sevastopol. At the same time, the Turks continued to export grain from Ukraine on their own initiative.
The Russian Federation is returning to participate in the grain deal. This was reported in the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
“It was possible to obtain the necessary written guarantees from Ukraine on the non-use of the humanitarian corridor and Ukrainian ports, determined in the interests of the export of agricultural products, to conduct military operations against the Russian Federation,” the message says.
The military department added that the agreement was reached thanks to the mediation efforts of Turkey and the UN.
“The Russian Federation believes that the guarantees received at the moment appear to be sufficient, and resumes the implementation of the agreement,” the representative of the Russian Defense Ministry said. Igor Konashenkov.
On October 29, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced the suspension of the implementation of an agreement on the export of agricultural products from Ukrainian ports after Ukraine committed a “terrorist attack against ships of the Black Sea Fleet and civilian ships involved in ensuring the security of the grain corridor.” Before that, Sevastopol was attacked by drones.
To Djibouti and Sudan
November 2 President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced the resumption of the export of grain from Ukraine through the sea humanitarian corridor from 12:00 Moscow time. He referred to a telephone conversation between the Russian and Turkish defense ministers, during which it was reported that grain supplies had resumed.
“First of all, the corridor will function for deliveries to the poor countries of Africa, in particular to Djibouti, Sudan,” Erdogan added.
On November 1, the presidents of the Russian Federation and Turkey held telephone conversations (at the initiative of the Turkish side), during which the grain deal was discussed and the conditions for its renewal were specified. Vladimir Putin stated that the second part of the package agreements to unblock the export of Russian agricultural products and fertilizers to world markets has not been implemented. The President of the Russian Federation also said that during the three months of the grain deal, the task of ensuring the priority delivery of food to the most needy countries was not fulfilled.
Putin noted that Moscow would consider the terms of a return to the grain deal if Kyiv guarantees that it will not use the sea corridor for military purposes.
In turn, Erdogan expressed confidence that a constructive approach to the topic of the grain crisis will have a stimulating effect on all parties on the path to a return to dialogue, Anadolu agency reports. Erdogan stressed that Ankara continues to take the necessary initiatives with all parties to resolve problems related to the implementation of the grain supply agreement.
The Turks continued to export
On October 30, Ukraine, Turkey and the UN agreed on a plan for the passage of 16 ships along the humanitarian corridor by October 31, including 12 ships from Ukrainian ports. The next day, the presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said that without Russia, the product agreement is hardly feasible, since in this case there are no guarantees for the safety of the passage of ships along the sea corridor.
On the evening of November 1, the Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar said that dry cargo ships under the Turkish flag will continue to export food from Ukraine, despite the suspension of Russia’s participation in the agreement. Ankara, he said, is making efforts to start exporting food and fertilizer from Russian ports, and has also brought to the attention of Kyiv Russian concerns about the attack on the Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol.
Akar expressed confidence that the implementation of the grain deal will be continued. On November 1, representatives of the UN, Turkey and Ukraine at the Joint Coordination Center in Istanbul agreed not to plan the movement of ships with Ukrainian grain along the security corridor on November 2.
“The decision was made by agreement of the delegations of Ukraine, Turkey and the UN. They developed it. This is part of their discussions with each other, and they considered that it would be better to do so tomorrow,” the representative of the UN Secretary General said. Farhan Haq.