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Putin presented the main provisions of the new Russian maritime doctrine

Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke with a speech on the day of the Navy at the parade, which took place in St. Petersburg and Kronstadt. In it, he, in particular, presented the main provisions of the country’s new maritime doctrine. RTVI retells the main points from the president’s speech.

Putin noted that the economic and strategic zone of Russia’s national interests includes the Arctic waters, the waters of the Black, Okhotsk and Bering Seas, as well as the Baltic and Kuril straits. “We will ensure their protection firmly and by all means,” the head of the Russian state said.

“The key here is the capabilities of the Navy. It is able to respond with lightning speed to anyone who decides to encroach on our sovereignty and freedom, successfully and honorably fulfills strategic tasks on the borders of our country and in any area of ​​the World Ocean, has a high readiness for active operations of its coastal, surface, air, submarine forces and means . They are constantly being improved,” Putin said.

According to the President, the latest Zircon hypersonic missile systems will soon be supplied to the Russian army. The frigate Admiral Gorshkov will be the first to go on combat duty with the Zircon. Putin did not name in which area the frigate would serve, but stressed that it “will be selected based on the interests of ensuring Russia’s security.”

TASS, citing a source close to the Russian military department, informedthat “Zircon” will be adopted by the fleet in September. In 2019, Putin said that a rocket from the Zircon complex is capable of reaching speeds equal to nine Mach numbers (speeds of sound), and also has a range of more than 1,000 km.

The President also stressed that in 2022, the day of the Navy is dedicated to the 350th anniversary of the birth of Emperor Peter the Great, the founder of the regular Russian fleet. “Under his rule, Russia acquired the status of a great maritime power, gained authority and influence in the world,” Putin said. The Agency publication noted that the president did not mention the Russian-Ukrainian conflict in his speech.

New Naval Doctrine

Moreover, Putin signed new Naval Doctrine of Russia. AT document states that the new Naval Doctrine provides for the creation in the states of the Asia-Pacific region of points of material and technical support for the Russian navy. Thus, Moscow wants to create conditions for inter-naval transitions of the fleet forces.

In particular, supply points will be located in several countries of the Mediterranean region, as well as in the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. Now such a point is already in Syria, in Tartus, the doctrine notes. In addition, the document provides for the development of relations with the states of the Middle East and North Africa, whose territories are adjacent to the seas and maritime spaces, including the Mediterranean and Red Seas. The Arctic direction remains a priority for Russia. In the Far East, Russia will develop a shipbuilding complex.

At the same time, the doctrine provides for the intensification of maritime activities in the Svalbard archipelago, Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya and Wrangel Island.

The doctrine calls one of the main threats to Russia’s maritime activity the lack of a sufficient number of bases outside the Russian state to provide ships and vessels of the Navy. “The US course towards dominance in the world’s oceans”, as well as the growth of NATO activity, are also one of the main threats to Russia, the document says.

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