Other finds include layers of pottery shards, sarcophagi, a row of altars, sphinx-shaped statues, and a piece of granite from the reign of King Pepi I.
Archaeologists working in Cairo have discovered rare artifacts associated with the reign of King Cheops (also Khufu), the Egyptian pharaoh responsible for building the Great Pyramid of Giza. Express.
The finds included several granite blocks, which researchers determined dated back to the reign of King Khufu in 2589-2566 BC, the first half of the Old Kingdom period. As the archaeologists explained, this discovery is very important, because for the first time artifacts from the time of Cheops were found in Heliopolis.
As experts suggested, the discovered blocks were either part of an unknown building, or were transported to Heliopolis from the area of the pyramids of Giza for “processing” into a new building during the time of the Ramesses, towards the end of the second millennium BC.
Cheops, who is also known as Khufu, was the second pharaoh of the 4th dynasty of Ancient Egypt. Although it is generally accepted that he was responsible for the creation of the Great Pyramid of Giza, much of the history of his reign remains shrouded in mystery today.
Many of his other buildings have been lost, and the only surviving complete image of the pharaoh is an 8 cm ivory figurine found in a much later temple at Abydos in 1903. Everything else that is known about Khufu comes from inscriptions in his necropolis at Giza and documents compiled after his reign.
During the archaeological excavations, the team also unearthed the foundations of the temple courtyard dating back to the New Kingdom and traces of the early history of the Heliopolis area.
“The mission found evidence of early use of the area based on archaeological layers dated to Negada III,” the scientists said.
Negada III, also known as the Semainian culture, was the last phase of the Nekadian period of Egyptian prehistory, which lasted from about 3200-3000 BC. BC.
In addition, archaeologists have found the base of the statue of King Ahmose II, layers of clay shards that indicated religious and ritual activity in the third millennium BC. and a piece of granite from the reign of King Pepi I, which dates back to around 2280 BC. Remarkably, it has an inscription depicting Horus, the god of the sky and the sun in the form of a falcon. This pharaoh was the last great king of Egypt, who reigned from 570-526 BC, before the Persian conquest.
Other finds include several late period offerings, including sarcophagi, a series of altars, the presence of sphinx-shaped statues indicating the presence of royalty in the temple, a sphinx-shaped quartz sculpture of King Amenhotep II, and the base of a huge pink granite statue.
Recall that Previously, scientists managed to unravel the mystery of the curse of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. As it turned out, no curse ever existed. It was coined and circulated by Egyptologist and Daily Mail journalist Arthur Weigall, who was offended that the exclusive story made its way into the Times.